Gray Whale

Photo Credit: Craig Hayslip, OSU Marine Mamma Institute


  • Species Common Name Gray Whale
  • Species Scientific Name Eschrichtius robustus
  • State Listing Status Endangered


Special needs

Gray whales use a relatively narrow migratory corridor in nearshore waters. The summer population is concentrated in specific nearshore areas.

Limiting factors

Gray whales experienced historical population declines throughout their range but are currently in good standing. They have low productivity.

Conservation actions

Protect gray whales from vessel disturbance and minimize interactions with crab pot lines and cables. Observe federal Marine Mammal Protection Act protections. Gather information to fill data gaps.

Key reference or plan

Marine Mammal Protection Act

Life History Traits