Area includes headwaters of North Santiam and Pudding Rivers, comprised largely of National Forest lands, private industrial forest and state-owned recreational areas.
COA ID: 109
The West Cascades ecoregion extends from east of the Cascade Mountains summit to the foothills of the Willamette, Umpqua, and Rogue Valleys, and spans the entire length of the state of Oregon. It is largely dominated by conifer forests, moving into alpine parklands and dwarf shrubs at higher elevations.
The Willamette Valley ecoregion is bounded on the west by the Coast Range and on the east by the Cascade Range. This long mostly level alluvial plain has some scattered areas of low basalt, and contrasts with productive farmland and large urban areas. It has the fastest-growing human population in the state resulting in challenges due to land-use changes.
Grasslands include a variety of upland grass-dominated habitats, such as upland prairies, coastal bluffs, and montane grasslands.
Late Successional Mixed Conifer Forests
Late successional mixed conifer forests provide a multi-layered tree canopy, including large-diameter trees, shade-tolerant tree species in the understory, and a high volume of dead wood, such as snags and logs.
Oak woodlands are characterized by an open canopy dominated by Oregon white oak.
Flowing Water and Riparian Habitats
Flowing Water and Riparian Habitats include all naturally occurring flowing freshwater streams and rivers throughout Oregon as well as the adjacent riparian habitat.
Wetlands are covered with water during all or part of the year. Permanently wet habitats include backwater sloughs, oxbow lakes, and marshes, while seasonally wet habitats include seasonal ponds, vernal pools, and wet prairies.
Black Swift (Modeled Habitat)
Cypseloides niger borealis
California Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Cascade Torrent Salamander (Observed)
Chipping Sparrow (Modeled Habitat)
Clouded Salamander (Modeled Habitat)
Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Documented)
Oncorhynchus clarki clarki
Coastal Tailed Frog (Modeled Habitat)
Common Nighthawk (Modeled Habitat)
Fringed Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Great Gray Owl (Observed)
Harlequin Duck (Observed)
Hoary Bat (Modeled Habitat)
Long-legged Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Northern Goshawk (Modeled Habitat)
Accipiter gentilis atricapillus
Northern Red-legged Frog (Observed)
Northern Spotted Owl (Observed)
Strix occidentalis caurina
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Observed)
Oregon Slender Salamander (Observed)
Oregon Vesper Sparrow (Modeled Habitat)
Pooecetes gramineus affinis
American Pika (Modeled Habitat)
Red Tree Vole (Observed)
Short-eared Owl (Modeled Habitat)
Asio flammeus flammeus
Silver-haired Bat (Observed)
Townsend’s Big-eared Bat (Observed)
Western Bluebird (Modeled Habitat)
Western Gray Squirrel (Modeled Habitat)
Western Meadowlark (Modeled Habitat)
Western Painted Turtle (Modeled Habitat)
Chrysemys picta bellii
Western Pond Turtle (Modeled Habitat)
Purple Martin (Observed)
Progne subis arboricola
Western Toad (Modeled Habitat)
Willow Flycatcher (Modeled Habitat)
Yellow-breasted Chat (Modeled Habitat)
Icteria virens auricollis